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The Journal of American History

March 2016

Journal of American History, Issue 102 Volume 4, March 2016 Articles
Textbooks and Teaching
Book Reviews
Digital History Reviews
Letters to the Editor
Recent Scholarship


From Poverty to Slavery: Abolitionists, Overseers, and the Global Struggle for Labor in India

Historians have traced how free labor supplanted slave labor as the engine of the global economy. In the mid-nineteenth century, however, Americans and Britons formulated ideas and practices that connected the lives of poor and enslaved laborers. Christopher M. Florio investigates how, beginning in the late 1830s, Anglo-American abolitionists and American plantation overseers strove to transform India's poor into cotton producers who could perform the work of African American slaves. As he recounts how abolitionists and overseers tried to claim the economic potential of destitute Indian cultivators, Florio suggests that poor and enslaved people were bound together in a struggle that centered on labor and attempts at its extraction. He contends that attending to the entangled histories of slavery and poverty unsettles the historical and historiographical boundaries of slavery and freedom.

pp. 667 Read online >

The Afterlives of a Confederate Archive: Civil War Documents and the Making of Sectional Reconciliation

Historians like to think of the archives they work in as pristine storehouses of raw primary sources. Yet archives are deeply woven into the fabric of their time and place: the work of collecting and storing documents is shaped by cultural and political forces, while the availability of documents determines how societies understand their pasts. Yael A. Sternhell unearths the story of one of the most trusted and widely used archives in American history, revealing both its profoundly politicized nature and its role in fostering a new ideology of national reconciliation in the late nineteenth century. The postbellum history of Confederate papers is a case study in how historical knowledge is formed and how it transforms the culture from which it is born.

pp. 693 Read online >

Listen to an interview with author of this article in the JAH Podcast.

Unauthorized Welfare: The Origins of Immigrant Status Restrictions in American Social Policy

When the modern welfare state was established in 1935, no federal laws barred noncitizens, even unauthorized immigrants, from social assistance. During the 1970s, however, the federal government abruptly changed course, barring unauthorized immigrants from nearly all federal welfare programs. Cybelle Fox examines the origins and consequences of this little-known policy shift. Federal restriction exacerbated the consequences of illegality for unauthorized immigrants and threatened the rights of their U.S.-born children and those suspected of entering the country illegally. It also ushered in years of struggle between local, state, and federal officials over who was responsible for the social costs of unauthorized immigration.

pp. 719 Read online >

“I React Intensely to Everything”: Russia and the Frustrated Emotions of George F. Kennan, 1933–1958

Drawing on the emerging “emotional turn” in history, Frank Costigliola presents a fresh view of the origins and development of the Cold War by showing how emotion can be used to decode policy recommendations that have traditionally been explained in almost wholly rational terms. While remaining cognizant of the integral nature of thinking, he seeks to trace the particular pathways by which George F. Kennan's feelings permeated his thoughts and actions relating to Russia and the United States. Scholars in a variety of fields can use a similar approach to delve deeper into the thoughts, motivations, and behavior of historical actors.

Editor's Choice Article - Full text available without membership
Full text available without membership.
pp. 746 Read online >


A digital round table about this article is available at the JAH's blog.

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Textbooks and Teaching

Surprising Opportunities for Historians: Taking Control of the Assessment Process, by Scott E. Casper and Laura Westhoff Read Online >

Five Reasons History Professors Suck at Assessment, by Anne Hyde Read Online >

Slouching toward Student-Centered Assessment, by Gary Kroll, Jessamyn Neuhaus, and Wendy Gordon Read Online >

Making Assessment Work for You, by Jeffrey McClurken and Krystyn Moon Read Online >

Assessment Is What We Make of It, by James Grossman and Julia Brookins Read Online >

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Review Essay, by David Prior Read Online >

Book Reviews

Goldstein, ed., Formations of United States Colonialism, by Malinda Maynor Lowery 1143

Schwartz, Sea of Storms: A History of Hurricanes in the Greater Caribbean from Columbus to Katrina, by Liz Skilton 1144

Diner, Roads Taken: e Great Jewish Migrations to the New World and the Peddlers Who Forged the Way, by Lila Corwin Berman 1146

Appy, American Reckoning: e Vietnam War and Our National Identity, by Scott Laderman 1147

Go man, On the Run: Fugitive Life in an American City, by Tony Platt 1149

Fields and Fields, Racecraft: e Soul of Inequality in American Life, by Juli Grigsby 1150

Smith, Weird John Brown: Divine Violence and the Limits of Ethics, by Andrew Taylor 1151

Hirschmann and Linker, eds., Civil Disabilities: Citizenship, Membership, and Belonging, by Michael Rembis 1152

Sleeper-Smith et al., eds., Why You Can’t Teach United States History without American Indians, by Deborah Welch 1153

Ulrich et al., Tangible ings: Making History through Objects, by Stephanie Foote 1154

Blower and Bradley, eds., e Familiar Made Strange: American Icons and Artifacts after the Transnational Turn, by Shanon Fitzpatrick 1155

Harders, American Studies: Disziplingeschichte und Geschlecht (American studies: History of gender and the discipline), by Winfried Fluck 1156

Tatonetti, e Queerness of Native American Literature, by T. J. Tallie 1157

Young, Dissent: e History of an American Idea, by Andrew Hartman 1158

Friend and Glover, eds., Death and the American South, by R. Blakeslee Gilpin 1158

Chen, Chop Suey, usa: e Story of Chinese Food in America, by Alfred Yee 1159

Cullinane and Ryan, eds., U.S. Foreign Policy and the Other, by Matt Kohlstedt 1160

Tyrrell and Sexton, eds., Empire’s Twin: U.S. Anti-imperialism from the Founding Era to the Age of Terrorism, by Mary A. Renda 1161

Burstein, Democracy’s Muse: How omas Je erson Became an fdr Liberal, a Reagan Republican, and a Tea Party Fanatic, All the While Being Dead, by Robert G. Parkinson 1162

Smith, Religion in the Oval O ce: e Religious Lives of American Presidents, by Daniel L. Dreisbach 1163

Kahn and Mendelsohn, eds., Transnational Traditions: New Perspectives on American Jewish History, by Lawrence Charap 1164

Appleby, Shores of Knowledge: New World Discoveries and the Scienti c Imagination, by Roger Schlesinger 1165

Berry, A Path in the Mighty Waters: Shipboard Life and Atlantic Crossings to the New World, by Amy Mitchell-Cook 1166

Mulcahy, Hubs of Empire: e Southeastern Lowcountry and British Caribbean, by Sarah Barber 1167

Gallup-Diaz, Shankman and Silverman, eds., Anglicizing America: Empire, Revolution, Republic, by Troy Bickham 1167

Beneke and Grenda, eds., e Lively Experiment: Religious Toleration in America from Roger Williams to the Present, by Tammy Byron 1168

Kirk and Rivett, eds., Religious Transformations in the Early Modern Americas, by Benjamin E. Park 1169

Tipson, Hartford Puritanism: omas Hooker, Samuel Stone, and eir Terrifying God, by omas S. Kidd 1170

Van Engen, Sympathetic Puritans: Calvinist Fellow Feeling in Early New England, by Timothy D. Hall 1171

Good, Founding Friendships: Friendship between Men and Women in the Early American Republic, by Anya Jabour 1172

Balik, Rally the Scattered Believers: Northern New England’s Religious Geography, by Stephen A. Marini 1173

Richey, Methodism in the American Forest, by William Kerrigan 1174

Nicolson, ed., e Papers of Francis Bernard: Governor of Colonial Massachusetts, 1760– 69; vol. 3; 1766–1767, by Peter ompson 1174

Herrera, Juan Bautista de Anza: e King’s Governor in New Mexico, by Robin Varnum 1175

Milne, Natchez Country: Indians, Colonists, and the Landscapes of Race in French Louisiana, by F. Todd Smith 1176

Owens, Red Dreams, White Nightmares: Pan-Indian Alliances in the Anglo-American Mind, 1763–1815, by Sean P. Harvey 1177

Juricek, Endgame for Empire: British-Creek Relations in Georgia and Vicinity, 1763–1776, by Julie Anne Sweet 1178

Narrett, Adventurism and Empire: e Struggle for Mastery in the Louisiana-Florida Borderlands, 1762–1803, by Andy Doolen 1179

Polasky, Revolutions without Borders: e Call to Liberty in the Atlantic World, by omas N. Ingersoll 1180

Herrera, For Liberty and the Republic: e American Citizen as Soldier, 1775–1861, by C. Edward Skeen 1181

Bartoloni-Tuazon, For Fear of an Elective King: George Washington and the Presidential Title Controversy of 1789, by Sandra Moats 1182

Mattes, Citizens of a Common Intellectual Homeland: e Transatlantic Origins of American Democracy and Nationhood, by Janet Polasky 1182

Rosen, Border Law: e First Seminole War and American Nationhood, by Benjamin M. Christensen 1183

Saler, e Settlers’ Empire: Colonialism and State Formation in America’s Old Northwest, by Daragh Grant 1184

Rouleau, With Sails Whitening Every Sea: Mariners and the Making of an American Maritime Empire, by Joshua M. Smith 1185

Candlin and Pybus, Enterprising Women: Gender, Race, and Power in the Revolutionary Atlantic, by Danielle Skeehan 1186

Dierksheide, Amelioration and Empire: Progress and Slavery in the Plantation Americas, by John Patrick Daly 1187

Lawrance, Amistad’s Orphans: An Atlantic Story of Children, Slavery, and Smuggling, by Sean Kelley 1188

Dessens, Creole City: A Chronicle of Early American New Orleans, by Rashauna Johnson 1188

VanderVelde, Redemption Songs: Suing for Freedom before Dred Scott, by Annette Gordon-Reed 1189

Rothman, Beyond Freedom’s Reach: A Kidnapping in the Twilight of Slavery, by Lawrence N. Powell 1190

Pargas, Slavery and Forced Migration in the Antebellum South, by Calvin Schermerhorn 1191

Fanning, Caribbean Crossing: African Americans and the Haitian Emigration Movement, by Alfred N. Hunt 1192

Maris-Wolf, Family Bonds: Free Blacks and Re-enslavement Law in Antebellum Virginia, by Wilma King 1193

Gourevitch, From Slavery to the Cooperative Commonwealth: Labor and Republican Liberty in the Nineteenth Century, by Daniel J. McInerney 1193

Lago, e Age of Lincoln and Cavour: Comparative Perspectives on Nineteenth-Century American and Italian Nation-Building, by Antonio Donno 1194

Black, American Indians and the Rhetoric of Removal and Allotment, by Bruce E. Johansen 1195

Young, Alien Nation: Chinese Migration in the Americas from the Coolie Era through World War II, by David Cook-Martín 1196

Luskey and Woloson, eds., Capitalism by Gaslight: Illuminating the Economy of Nineteenth-Century America, by Noam Maggor 1197

Mendelsohn, e Rag Race: How Jews Sewed eir Way to Success in America and the British Empire, by Hadassa Kosak 1198

Sears, Arresting Dress: Cross-Dressing, Law, and Fascination in Nineteenth-Century San Francisco, by Emily Skidmore 1198

Kinder, Paying with eir Bodies: American War and the Problem of the Disabled Veteran, by Benjamin H. Irvin 1199

Miller, Empty Sleeves: Amputation in the Civil War South, by Dea H. Boster 1200

Beilein and Hulbert, eds., e Civil War Guerrilla: Unfolding the Black Flag in History, Memory, and Myth, by Aaron Astor 1201

Huston, e British Gentry, the Southern Planter, and the Northern Family Farmer: Agriculture and Sectional Antagonism in North America, by William K. Scarborough 1202

Myers, Rebels against the Confederacy: North Carolina’s Unionists, by Robert C. Kenzer 1203

Zimring, To Live and Die in Dixie: Native Northerners Who Fought for the Confederacy, by Aaron Sheehan-Dean 1204

Reid, African Canadians in Union Blue: Volunteering for the Cause in the Civil War, by William A. Dobak 1205

Doyle, e Cause of All Nations: An International History of the American Civil War, by Niall Whelehan 1205

Arenson and Graybill, eds., Civil War Wests: Testing the Limits of the United States, by omas Bahde 1206

Embry and Cannon, eds., Immigrants in the Far West: Historical Identities and Experiences, by Kurt E. Kinbacher 1207

Wahlstrom, e Southern Exodus to Mexico: Migration across the Borderlands after the American Civil War, by John Mason Hart 1208

Drake, ed., e Blue, the Gray, and the Green: Towards an Environmental History of the Civil War, by Daniel McCool 1209

Dean, An Agrarian Republic: Farming, Antislavery Politics, and Nature Parks in the Civil War Era, by Ariel Ron 1210

Summers, e Ordeal of the Reunion: A New History of Reconstruction, by Richard Valelly 1211

Edwards, A Legal History of the Civil War and Reconstruction: A Nation of Rights, by omas J. Davis 1212

Richards, Who Freed the Slaves? e Fight over the irteenth Amendment, by Michael Les Benedict 1213

Brown, Civil War Canon: Sites of Confederate Memory in South Carolina, by Benjamin Cloyd 1214

Burton, Penn Center: A History Preserved, by Antoinette T. Jackson 1214

Janis, A Greater Ireland: e Land League and Transatlantic Nationalism in Gilded Age America, by Francis M. Carroll 1215

Mathes, e Women’s National Indian Association: A History, by Jane Simonsen 1216

Tyrrell, Crisis of the Wasteful Nation: Empire and Conservation in eodore Roosevelt’s America, by Robert Bruce Campbell 1217

Murnane, Bankruptcy in an Industrial Society: A History of the Bankruptcy Court for the Northern District of Ohio, by Jessica M. Lepler 1218

Marley, e Artist’s Garden: American Impressionism and the Garden Movement, by David C. Miller 1219

McMullen, Under the Big Top: Big Tent Revivalism and American Culture, 1885–1925, by D. G. Hart 1219

Stievermann, Go and Junker, eds., Religion and the Marketplace in the United States, by Eldon J. Eisenach 1220

Froese, California Mennonites, by Perry Bush 1221

Preston, Schulman and Zelizer, eds., Faithful Republic: Religion and Politics in Modern America, by Gene Zubovich 1222

Gloege, Guaranteed Pure: e Moody Bible Institute, Business, and the Making of Modern Evangelicalism, by Kevin Schmiesing 1223

Ho man, Naked: A Cultural History of American Nudism, by David Allyn 1224

Rader and Cain, Life on Display: Revolutionizing U.S. Museums of Science and Natural History in the Twentieth Century, by Ann Fabian 1225

Coopersmith, Faxed: e Rise and Fall of the Fax Machine, by Robert MacDougall 1226 Zimmerman, Too Hot to Handle: A Global History of Sex Education, by Alison Bashford 1226

Yudell, Race Unmasked: Biology and Race in the 20th Century; and Sussman, e Myth of Race: e Troubling Persistence of an Unscienti c Idea, by Warwick Anderson 1227

Kirk, Race and Ethnicity in Arkansas: New Perspectives, by John Kyle Day 1229

Poole, Saving Florida: Women’s Fight for the Environment in the Twentieth Century, by Kimberly A. Jarvis 1230

Park, e Pan American Imagination: Contested Visions of the Hemisphere in Twentieth- Century Literature, by Marzia Milazzo 1231

Lennon, Boxcar Politics: e Hobo in U.S. Culture and Literature, 1869–1956, by Mark Allan Jackson 1231

Aquila, e Sagebrush Trail: Western Movies and Twentieth-Century America, by Scott Simmon 1232

Longhurst, Bike Battles: A History of Sharing the American Road, by Joshua Lupkin 1233 Cross and Proctor, Packaged Pleasures: How Technology and Marketing Revolutionized Desire, by Brent Malin 1234

Harris, Fruits of Eden: David Fairchild and America’s Plant Hunters, by Erica Hannickel 1235

Yarrow, rift: e History of an American Cultural Movement, by Lisa Jacobson 1236

Schweitzer, Transatlantic Broadway: e Infrastructural Politics of Global Performance, by Matthew Wittmann 1237

Snyder, Crossing Broadway: Washington Heights and the Promise of New York City, by omas Kessner 1237

Morshed, Impossible Heights: Skyscrapers, Flight, and the Master Builder, by Samuel Zipp 1238

Hirt, Zoned in the usa: e Origins and Implications of American Land-Use Regulation, by Jerome Hodos 1239

Montoya, ed., Making an American Workforce: e Rockefellers and the Legacy of Ludlow, by Joseph A. McCartin 1240

Krugler, 1919, the Year of Racial Violence: How African Americans Fought Back, by Shannon King 1241

Sharpley-Whiting, Bricktop’s Paris: African American Women in Paris between the Two World Wars, by Charlene Regester 1242

Hatch, Shirley Temple and the Performance of Girlhood, by John F. Kasson 1243 Fieldston, Raising the World: Child Welfare in the American Century, by Margaret Peacock 1244

Bingmann, Prep School Cowboys: Ranch Schools in the American West, by Kenneth H. Wheeler 1245

Gough, Sounds of the New Deal: e Federal Music Project in the West, by Ronald D. Cohen 1245

Lee, e Workplace Constitution: From the New Deal to the New Right, by Trevor Gri ey 1246

Harris, Five Came Back: A Story of Hollywood and the Second World War, by Bernard F. Dick 1247

Dillon, Wolf-Women and Phantom Ladies: Female Desire in 1940s U.S. Culture, by Paula Rabinowitz 1248

Stevens, Captain America, Masculinity, and Violence: e Evolution of a National Icon, by Robert Genter 1249

Barnhisel, Cold War Modernists: Art, Literature, and American Cultural Diplomacy, by William J. Maxwell 1249

Gar eld, In Search of the Amazon: Brazil, the United States, and the Nature of a Region, by Michael Conni 1250

Katz, Bringing Zion Home: Israel in American Jewish Culture, 1948–1967, by Deborah Dash Moore 1251

Masco, e eater of Operations: National Security A ect from the Cold War to the War on Terror, by Russell Crandall 1252

Hajimu, Cold War Crucible: e Korean Con ict and the Postwar World, by Kevin Y. Kim 1253

Herken, e Georgetown Set: Friends and Rivals in Cold War Washington, by John Kane 1254

Kaplan, To Kill Nations: American Strategy in the Air-Atomic Age and the Rise of Mutually Assured Destruction, by Donald J. Mrozek 1255

Bridger, Scientists at War: e Ethics of Cold War Weapons Research, by David K. Hecht 1255

Mills, Cold War in a Cold Land: Fighting Communism on the Northern Plains, by Roger Chapman 1256

Santa Cruz, Making jfk Matter: Popular Memory and the 35th President, by James D. Boys 1257

Geismer, Don’t Blame Us: Suburban Liberals and the Transformation of the Democratic Party, by Kenneth T. Jackson 1258

Fones-Wolf and Fones-Wolf, Struggle for the Soul of the Postwar South: White Evangelical Protestants and Operation Dixie, by Peter C. Murray 1259

McAdam and Kloos, Deeply Divided: Racial Politics and Social Movements in Postwar America, by James N. Gregory 1260

Lucander, Winning the War for Democracy: e March on Washington Movement, 1941–1946, by Erik S. McDu e 1260

DeVore, Defying Jim Crow: African American Community Development and the Struggle for Racial Equality in New Orleans, 1900–1960, by Emily Epstein Landau 1261

Mack, Black Spokane: e Civil Rights Struggle in the Inland Northwest, by Matthew C. Whitaker 1262

Waldschmidt-Nelson, Malcolm X: Der schwarze Revolutionär (Malcolm X: e black revolutionary), by Manfred Berg 1263

Wallenstein, Race, Sex, and the Freedom to Marry: Loving v. Virginia, by Joanna L. Grossman 1264

Darden, Nothing but Love in God’s Water, vol. 1: Black Sacred Music from the Civil War to the Civil Rights Movement, by James Abbington 1265

Raymond, Stars for Freedom: Hollywood, Black Celebrities, and the Civil Rights Movement, by Judith E. Smith 1265

Wald, It’s Been Beautiful: Soul! and Black Power Television, by Matt Delmont 1266

Desjardins, Recycled Stars: Female Film Stardom in the Age of Television and Video, by Kristen Hatch 1267

Petrzela, Classroom Wars: Language, Sex, and the Making of Modern Political Culture, by Carlos Kevin Blanton 1268

Flacks and Lichtenstein, eds., e Port Huron Statement: Sources and Legacies of the New Left’s Founding Manifesto, by Peter B. Levy 1269

Dunaway, Seeing Green: e Use and Abuse of American Environmental Images, by Cindy Ott 1270

Chidester and Kengor, eds., Reagan’s Legacy in a World Transformed, by John Ehrman 1271

Hartman, A War for the Soul of America: A History of the Culture Wars, by Whitney Strub 1271

Franklin, After the Rebellion: Black Youth, Social Movement Activism, and the Post–Civil Rights Generation, by Clarence Lang 1272

Labrador, Building Filipino Hawai‘i, by Eric J. Pido 1273

Stubble eld, 9/11 and the Visual Culture of Disaster, by Lauren Walsh 1274

Vigil, War Echoes: Gender and Militarization in U.S. Latina/o Cultural Production, by Miguel A. Levario 1275

Huret and Sparks, eds., Hurricane Katrina in Transatlantic Perspective, by Pamela Tyler 1276

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Digital History Reviews

@every3minutes, by Joshua Rothman Read Online >

Mapping Occupation: Force, Freedom, and the Army in Reconstruction, by Ian Binnington Read Online >

Brooklyn Waterfront History: Crossing Borders, Bridging Generations and TeachArchives.org, by Thai Jones Read Online >

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Letters to the Editor

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Recent Scholarship

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