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The Journal of American History

December 2016

Volume 103, No. 3

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Power, Patriarchy, and Provision: African Families Negotiate Gender and Slavery in New England

Gloria McCahon Whiting examines enslaved Africans living in New England during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries to provide insight into the dynamics of gender and power in bound families throughout the Anglo-Atlantic world. Combining social-historical research on thousands of slaves with carefully reconstructed stories of particu­lar families in bondage, she calls into question an important assumption that underpins much scholarship on gender and family in Atlantic slavery: that the structure of slaves' families defined their normative values.

pp. 583 Read Online >

Courting Women, Courting Advertisers: The Woman's Page and the Transformation of the American Newspaper

In the 1970s many American newspapers retired their long-running woman's pages, replacing them with seemingly gender-neutral style pages. With their focus on fashion, housekeeping, society, and advice, women's pages seemed a sexist relic of the past. But Julie A. Golia argues that the woman's page served as a site of experimentation and innovation in early twentieth-century newspapers, even while reinforcing traditional gender roles. The woman's page allowed publishers to re-envision their readership as fe­male—and to leverage that readership to advertisers preoccupied with potential women purchasers.

pp. 606 Read Online >

The Ordinary Cold War: The Ground Observer Corps and Midcentury Militarization in the United States

During the 1950s hundreds of thousands of Americans volunteered for the Ground Ob­server Corps, a U.S. Air Force–sponsored organization that enlisted "sky watch­ers" to occupy observation posts and scan the horizon for unfamiliar aircraft. Matthew Farish offers a comprehensive history of the corps, significant because it illustrates the customary and commonplace dimensions of the Cold War in the daily routines of many Americans—dimensions often overshad­owed by the biographies, events, and technologies that dominate histories of the era.

pp. 629 Read Online >

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Round Table

Setting the Table: Historians, Popular Writers, and Food History

Food has become a popular topic with both popular food writers and academics. In his state-of-the-field essay, Matt Garcia argues that the creative tension between the two groups has gener­ated new interests and more creative solutions to the current food crisis. He advocates for an inclusive and expansive interpretation of what constitutes food history—beyond cuisine to include agriculture, the environment, labor, and trade. Fol­lowing Garcia's essay are responses from E. Melanie DuPuis, Madeline Y. Hsu, Mark Padoongpatt, Monica Perales, and Jeffrey M. Pilcher.

pp. 656 Read Online >

"Keeping It Complex" by E. Melanie DuPuis

"On the Possibilities of Food Writing as a Bridge between the Popular and the Political" by Madeline Y. Hsu

"Sitting at the Table: Food History as American History" by Mark Padoongpatt

"The Food Historian's Dilemma: Reconsidering the Role of Authenticity in Food Scholarship" by Monica Perales

"The Whole Enchilada: A Full Plate of Food History" by Jeffrey M. Pilcher

"Final Thoughts on Food Studies" by Matt Garcia

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Exhibition Reviews

Introduction, by Brian Horrigan, and Kathleen Franz

American Enterprise, by Douglas Craig

Places of Invention, by Robert D. Friedel

The Wheel Woman, by Joan Cummins

4th of July Weekend Chicago Ethnic Museums Excursion, by Mark Pfeifer

Life and Death on the Border, 1910–1920, by Linda Pritchard

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Book Reviews

Dec. 2016, Vol. 103 No. 3

Alphabetical by the last name of the book's first author or editor.


Aljoe and Finseth, eds., Journeys of the Slave Narrative in the Early Americas, by Sarah N. Roth
Allen, Forgotten Men and Fallen Women: The Cultural Politics of New Deal Narratives, by Bruce Dorsey
Allison, Sovereignty for Survival: American Energy Development and Indian Self-Determination, by Leah S. Glaser
Andrews, Coyote Valley: Deep History in the High Rockies, by Matthew Klingle
Apel, Beautiful Terrible Ruins: Detroit and the Anxiety of Decline, by Kate Sampsell-Willmann
Appelbaum, St. Francis of America: How a Thirteenth-Century Friar Became America's Most Popular Saint, by Paul Giles
Aslakson, Making Race in the Courtroom: The Legal Construction of Three Races in Early New Orleans, by Robert Cottrol
Auerbach, Weapons of Democracy: Propaganda, Progressivism, and American Public Opinion, by Jennifer D. Keene

[Top of Reviews]



Baker, Humane Insight: Looking at Images of African American Suffering and Death, by Jo-Ann Morgan
Balmer and Riess, eds., Mormonism and American Politics, by Gordon Shepherd
Baptist, The Half Has Never Been Told: Slavery and the Making of American Capitalism, by Daina Ramey Berry
Batlan, Women and Justice for the Poor: A History of Legal Aid, 1863–1945, by Mazie Hough
Bay, et al., eds., Toward an Intellectual History of Black Women, by Deirdre Cooper Owens
Bell-Scott, The Firebrand and the First Lady: Portrait of a Friendship; Pauli Murray, Eleanor Roosevelt, and the Struggle for Social Justice, by Susan M. Hartmann
Benson, Posters for Peace: Visual Rhetoric and Civic Action, by Casey N. Blake
Berghahn, American Big Business in Britain and Germany: A Comparative History of Two “Special Relationships” in the Twentieth Century, by Stephen A. Schuker
Berman, Metropolitan Jews: Politics, Race, and Religion in Postwar Detroit, by Andrew T. Darien
Berry, Devoted to Nature: The Religious Roots of American Environmentalism, by Mark Stoll
Bohme, Toxic Injustice: A Transnational History of Exposure and Struggle, by Carl Zimring
Bordewich, The First Congress: How James Madison, George Washington, and a Group of Extraordinary Men Invented the Government, by Andrew S. Trees
Bouk, How Our Days Became Numbered: Risk and the Rise of the Statistical Individual, by Jonathan Simon
Briggs, The New Negro in the Old South, by Anne Elizabeth Carroll
Brooks, Liberty Power: Antislavery Third Parties and the Transformation of American Politics, by Vernon Volpe
Brooks, Mesa of Sorrows: A History of the Awat'ovi Massacre, by Richard O. Clemmer
Butterfield, The Making of Tocqueville's America: Law and Association in the Early United States, by Mark G. Spencer

[Top of Reviews]



Caronan, Legitimizing Empire: Filipino American and U.S. Puerto Rican Cultural Critique, by Victor Bascara
Carp, Jean Paton and the Struggle to Reform American Adoption, by Sarah Potter
Carpenter, Coloring Whiteness: Acts of Critique in Black Performance, by Monica White Ndounou
Carter, Building Zion: The Material World of Mormon Settlement, by Peter W. Williams
Casey, The Prettiest Girl on Stage Is a Man: Race and Gender Benders in American Vaudeville, by Marlis Schweitzer
Charles, Hoover's War on Gays: Exposing the FBI's "Sex Deviates" Program, by Edward Alwood
Cobb, Picture Freedom: Remaking Black Visuality in the Early Nineteenth Century, by Nicole A. Waligora-Davis
Cobb, ed., Say We Are Nations: Documents of Politics and Protest in Indigenous America since 1887, by Paul R. McKenzie-Jones
Coleman, That the Blood Stay Pure: African Americans, Native Americans, and the Predicament of Race and Identity in Virginia, by Gregory Smithers
Conlin, One Nation Divided by Slavery: Remembering the American Revolution While Marching toward the Civil War, by Terry A. Barnhart
Conroy-Krutz, Christian Imperialism: Converting the World in the Early American Republic, by Erik R. Seeman
Cooley, To Live and Dine in Dixie: The Evolution of Urban Food Culture in the Jim Crow South, by Ann Folino White
Crawford, Black Muslims and the Law: Civil Liberties from Elijah Muhammad to Muhammad Ali, by Jeffrey Ogbar

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Dowd, Groundless: Rumors, Legends, and Hoaxes on the Early American Frontier, by Tom Midtrød
Downs, Transforming the South: Federal Development in the Tennessee Valley, 1915–1960, by Beth English

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Ebel, G.I. Messiahs: Soldiering, War, and American Civil Religion, by Andrew Preston
Eisenberg, Embracing a Western Identity: Jewish Oregonians, 1849–1950, by Karen Wilson
Ellis, Race Harmony and Black Progress: Jack Woofter and the Interracial Cooperation Movement, by Stanley Arnold
Evans and Giroux, Disposable Futures: The Seduction of Violence in the Age of Spectacle, by Char Miller

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Fabian and Bay, Race and Retail: Consumption across the Color Line, by Jennifer Scanlon
Fatovic, America's Founding and the Struggle over Economic Inequality, by Michael J. Thompson
Ferguson, This Is Our Land: Grassroots Environmentalism in the Late Twentieth Century, by Leslie Poole
Fetter-Vorm and Kelman, Battle Lines: A Graphic History of the Civil War, by Mark M. Smith
Fishkin, Writing America: Literary Landmarks from Walden Pond to Wounded Knee, by Hilary Lowe
Flores, Grounds for Dreaming: Mexican Americans, Mexican Immigrants, and the California Farmworker Movement, by Matthew Garcia
Fluker, ed., The Papers of Howard Washington Thurman vol. 3: The Bold Adventure, September 1943–May 1949, by David Cline
Foley, Ballot Battles: The History of Disputed Elections in the United States, by Jeffrey M. Stonecash
Foley, Front Porch Politics: The Forgotten Heyday of American Activism in the 1970s and 1980s, by Timothy Stewart-Winter
Forret and Sears, eds., New Directions in Slavery Studies: Commodification, Community, and Comparison, by James J. Gigantino II
Fortner, Black Silent Majority: The Rockefeller Drug Laws and the Politics of Punishment, by LaShawn Harris
Free, Suffrage Reconstructed: Gender, Race, and Voting Rights in the Civil War Era, by Anne Boylan
Fulwider, German Propaganda and U.S. Neutrality in World War I, by Petra DeWitt

[Top of Reviews]



Geary, Beyond Civil Rights: The Moynihan Report and Its Legacy, by Catherine M. Paden
Gilbert, The Product of Our Souls: Ragtime, Race, and the Birth of the Manhattan Musical Marketplace, by Noelle Morrissette
Grace, Kent State: Death and Dissent in the Long Sixties, by Kenneth J. Heineman
Gray, Johnson and Gilley, eds., Queering the Countryside: New Frontiers in Rural Queer Studies, by Nancy C. Unger
Greenberg, Republic of Spin: An Inside History of the American Presidency, by Louis W. Liebovich
Guthman, Strangers Below: Primitive Baptists and American Culture, by Larry K. Eskridge

[Top of Reviews]



Hahn and Baker, The Cotton Kings: Capitalism and Corruption in Turn-of-the-Century New York and New Orleans, by Joshua L. Rosenbloom
Halter and Johnson, African and American: West Africans in Post–Civil Rights America, by Donna A. Patterson
Haveman, Rivers of Sand: Creek Indian Emigration, Relocation, and Ethnic Cleansing in the American South, by James Taylor Carson
Haverty-Stacke, Trotskyists on Trial: Free Speech and Political Persecution Since the Age of fdr, by Chad Pearson
Haynes, Riotous Flesh: Women, Physiology, and the Solitary Vice in Nineteenth-Century America, by Barry Reay
Helfgott, Framing the Audience: Art and the Politics of Culture in the United States, 1929–1945, by Sharon Musher
Heyck, Age of System: Understanding the Development of Modern Social Science, by David C. Hammack
Hillman, Dressing for the Culture Wars: Style and the Politics of Self-Presentation in the 1960s and 1970s, by Diana Crane-Herve
Hinsley and Wilcox, eds., Coming of Age in Chicago: The 1893 World's Fair and the Coalescence of American Anthropology, by Kelly L. Watson
Hobbs, Democracy Abroad, Lynching at Home: Racial Violence in Florida, by W. Fitzhugh Brundage
Horak, Girls Will Be Boys: Cross-Dressed Women, Lesbians, and American Cinema, 1908-1934, by Allison McCracken

[Top of Reviews]



Johnson, African American Religions, 1500–2000: Colonialism, Democracy, and Freedom, by Paul Harvey

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Kimble, A New Deal for Bronzeville: Housing, Employment, and Civil Rights in Black Chicago, 1935-1955, by Marcia Walker-McWilliams
Knock, The Rise of a Prairie Statesman: The Life and Times of George McGovern, by Robert P. Watson
Kurtz , Excommunicated from the Union: How the Civil War Created a Separate Catholic America, by Jason K. Duncan
Kwak, A World of Homeowners: American Power and the Politics of Housing Aid, by Stuart Schrader

[Top of Reviews]



Lansing, Insurgent Democracy: The Nonpartisan League in North American Politics, by Peter Argersinger
Lipman, The Saltwater Frontier: Indians and the Contest for the American Coast, by Karl S. Hele
Liu, From Canton Restaurant to Panda Express: A History of Chinese Food in the United States, by Heather Lee
Lopez, The Remittance Landscape: Spaces of Migration in Rural Mexico and Urban USA, by Benny Andrés
Lowe, Baptized with the Soil: Christian Agrarians and the Crusade for Rural America, by Royden Loewen
Lowe, The Intimacies of Four Continents, by Etsuko Taketani
Luckett Jr., Joe T. Patterson and the White South's Dilemma: Evolving Resistance to Black Advancement, by Neal Robert Allen

[Top of Reviews]



Macekura, Of Limits and Growth: The Rise of Global Sustainable Development in the Twentieth Century, by Carrie Meyer
Mack, Sensing Chicago: Noisemakers, Strikebreakers, and Muckrakers, by Colin Fisher
Maddox, The Parker Sisters: A Border Kidnapping, by Carol Wilson
Madera, Black Atlas: Geography and Flow in Nineteenth-Century African American Literature, by Martha Schoolman
Malanson, Addressing America: George Washington’s Farewell and the Making of National Culture, Politics, and Diplomacy, 1796–1852, by Todd Estes
Manion, Liberty's Prisoners: Carceral Culture in Early America, by Gwenda Morgan
Masur and Downs, eds., The World the Civil War Made, by Martha Hodes
McDonnell, Masters of Empire: Great Lakes Indians and the Making of America, by James Buss
Melillo, Strangers on Familiar Soil: Rediscovering the Chile-California Connection, by Thomas Klubock
Miles, Tales from the Haunted South: Dark Tourism and Memories of Slavery from the Civil War Era, by Alice Pedersen
Miller, Nut Country: Right-Wing Dallas and the Birth of the Southern Strategy, by Elizabeth Fones-Wolf
Mislin, Saving Faith: Making Religious Pluralism an American Value at the Dawn of the Secular Age, by Bret E. Carroll
Moyer, The Public Universal Friend: Jemima Wilkinson and Religious Enthusiasm in Revolutionary America, by Beverly C. Tomek

[Top of Reviews]



Nabokov, How the World Moves: The Odyssey of an American Indian Family; and , Nabokov, ed., The Origin Myth of Acoma Pueblo, by Carter Jones Meyer
Nadasen, Household Workers Unite: The Untold Story of African American Women Who Built a Movement, by Michelle Haberland
Noll, In the Beginning Was the Word: The Bible in American Public Life, 1492–1783, by Beth Schweiger

[Top of Reviews]



O'Donnell, Henry George and the Crisis of Inequality: Progress and Poverty in the Gilded Age, by Robert Weir
O'Mara, Pivotal Tuesdays: Four Elections That Shaped the Twentieth Century; and Davies and Zelizer, eds., America at the Ballot Box: Elections and Political History, by Jason M. Roberts

[Top of Reviews]



Pacyga, Slaughterhouse: Chicago’s Union Stock Yard and the World It Made, by Wilson J. Warren
Parker, Making the Desert Modern: Americans, Arabs, and Oil on the Saudi Frontier, 1933–1973, by Mary Ann Heiss
Pearson, Reform or Repression: Organizing America's Anti-Union Movement, by Lawrence Richards
Phelps and Brick, Radicals in America: The U.S. Left since the Second World War, by Andrew Cornell
Poblete, Islanders in the Empire: Filipino and Puerto Rican Laborers in Hawai‘i, by William J. Puette
Pugh, America Dancing: From the Cakewalk to the Moonwalk, by Joanna Das

[Top of Reviews]



Rabinowitz, Barraclough and Bowen-Struyk, eds., Red Love Across the Pacific: Political and Sexual Revolutions of the Twentieth Century, by Jessica Frazier
Rable, Damn Yankees!: Demonization and Defiance in the Confederate South, by Jacqueline Glass Campbell
Ramírez, Migrating Faith: Pentecostalism in the United States and Mexico in the Twentieth Century, by Kristy Nabhan-Warren
Randolph, Florynce “Flo” Kennedy: The Life of a Black Feminist Radical, by Duchess Harris
Reddy, Nursing and Empire: Gendered Labor and Migration from India to the United States, by Catherine Choy
Reiff, Born of Conviction: White Methodists and Mississippi's Closed Society, by James F. Findlay Jr.
Rice, White Robes, Silver Screens: Movies and the Making of the Ku Klux Klan; and Richard, Not a Catholic Nation: The Ku Klux Klan Confronts New England in the 1920s, by Robert Alan Goldberg
Riley, Slavery and the Democratic Conscience: Political Life in Jeffersonian America, by Ari Helo
Riordan, Hoddeson and Kolb, Tunnel Visions: The Rise and Fall of the Superconducting Super Collider, by Keith R. Benson
Risse, Driven by Fear: Epidemics and Isolation in San Francisco's House of Pestilence, by Susan L. Smith
Roberts and Smith, Blood Brothers: The Fatal Friendship Between Muhammad Ali and Malcolm X, by Michael Ezra

[Top of Reviews]



Schlozman, When Movements Anchor Parties: Electoral Alignments in American History, by M. J. Heale
Schoen, Abortion after Roe, by Rebecca M. Kluchin
Scroop and Heath, eds., Transatlantic Social Politics, 1800–Present, by Romain Huret
Selverstone, ed., A Companion to John F. Kennedy, by James G. Blight
Shaffer and Young, eds., Rendering Nature: Animals, Bodies, Places, Politics, by Ellery Foutch
Siddali, Frontier Democracy: Constitutional Conventions in the Old Northwest, by James Simeone
Siff, Acid Hype: American News Media and the Psychedelic Experience, by Rick Dodgson
Sinha, The Slave's Cause: A History of Abolition, by David Roediger
Slate, The Prism of Race: W. E. B. Du Bois, Langston Hughes, Paul Robeson, and the Colored World of Cedric Dover, by Sarah L. Silkey
Sluyter, et al., Hispanic and Latino New Orleans: Immigration and Identity since the Eighteenth Century, by Steve Striffler
Smith, ed., The Life and the Adventures of a Haunted Convict, by Toussaint Losier
Smithers, The Cherokee Diaspora: An Indigenous History of Migration, Resettlement, and Identity, by Julie L. Reed
Stevenson, Lincoln in the Atlantic World, by Charles Hubbard

[Top of Reviews]



Taylor, The Life and Lies of Paul Crouch: Communist, Opportunist, Cold War Snitch, by John Sbardellati
Threlkeld, Pan American Women: U.S. Internationalists and Revolutionary Mexico, by Susie S. Porter
Tota, O Amigo Americano: Nelson Rockefeller e o Brasil, by Stanley E. Hilton
Towers and Slap, eds., Confederate Cities: The Urban South during the Civil War Era, by Frank J. Byrne

[Top of Reviews]



Um, From the Land of Shadows: War, Revolution, and the Making of the Cambodian Diaspora, by Eric Tang
Unterman, Uncle Sam’s Policemen: The Pursuit of Fugitives across Borders, by Andrew Wender Cohen

[Top of Reviews]



Wallach, ed., Dethroning the Deceitful Pork Chop: Rethinking African American Foodways from Slavery to Obama, by Rien Fertel
Ware, The Cherokee Kid: Will Rogers, Tribal Identity, and the Making of an American Icon, by Charles L. P. Silet
Wiegand, Part of Our Lives: A People's History of the American Public Library, by Tom Glynn
Williams, Defenders of the Unborn: The Pro-Life Movement before Roe v. Wade, by Keith Cassidy
Witham, The Cultural Left and the Reagan Era: U.S. Protest and Central American Revolution, by Michael Stewart Foley
Wong, Racial Reconstruction: Black Inclusion, Chinese Exclusion, and the Fictions of Citizenship, by Robert G. Lee
Woolford, Benvenuto and Hinton, eds., Colonial Genocide in Indigenous North America, by Paige Raibmon
Woolner and Thompson, eds., Progressivism in America: Past, Present, and Future, by Robyn L. Muncy
Wright, ed., The Cosmopolitan Lyceum: Lecture Culture and the Globe in Nineteenth-Century America, by Andrew C. Rieser

[Top of Reviews]



Zimring, Clean and White: A History of Environmental Racism in the United States, by Ellen Stroud

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Movie Reviews

'American Experience' Explores Garfield Assassination, by Kathleen Lawrence, and Kathleen Lawrence

Chuck Norris vs. Communism, by James Deutsch

The Finest Hours, by John Garofolo

The Black Panthers: Vanguard of the Revolution, by Larry Greene

Born to be Blue, by Paula Musegades

Miles Ahead, by Krin Gabbard

Digital History Reviews

Open Tour Builder, by Mark Tebeau

The Battle of Atlanta Tour: A Tour of History and Remembrance, by Mark Tebeau

Emory Campus History Tour, by Mark Tebeau

FDR4Freedoms: The Life, Times, and Visions of Franklin D. Roosevelt, by Rebecca Erbelding

Hypothes.is, by Anelise Shrout

Wearing Gay History: A Digital Archive of Historical LGBT T-Shirts, by Michelle Moravec

Read Online >


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Recent Scholarship

Recent Scholarship is available as a searchable database, Recent Scholarship Online >

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