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The Journal of American History

December 2015 - Vol. 102, No. 3

Exhibition Reviews
Book Reviews
Movie Reviews
Digital History Reviews
Letters to the Editor
Recent Scholarship


The Power of the Ecotone: Bison, Slavery, and the Rise and Fall of the Grand Village of the Kaskaskia

Robert Michael Morrissey provides a new history of the Grand Village of the Kaskaskia, the Native American population center where as many as twenty thousand people congregated and unified for approximately twenty years at the top of the Illinois River valley toward the end of the seventeenth century. Often understood as little more than a refugee center for Algonquians beleaguered by vicious Iroquois attacks, the village was an opportunistic center of exploitation, Morrissey argues, a purposeful attempt to take advantage of unique opportunities in one of the continent's most important social and ecological borderlands.

pp. 667 Read online >

Read Morrissey's blog post about this article, "First Nature: Deep History in the Early American Midwest."

"No Such Thing as Stand Still": Migration and Geopolitics in African American History

Kendra T. Field explores the intricacies of the little-known Chief Alfred Charles Sam back-to-Africa movement in the 1913–1915 period and the lifelong migrants who created it. A century ago, Sam and his followers set sail for the Gold Coast. This article uses the story of one family of freedpeople to argue that this movement was not only a prelude to Garveyism and the Great Migration but also a capstone to what Carter G. Woodson once called "a century of negro migration." The development of Chief Sam's movement complicates notions of the quintessential domesticity and biracialism of the "nadir," revealing instead the deeply transnational and multiracial dimensions of freedom's first generation.

pp. 693 Read online >

"What's Uncle Sam's Last Name?": Jews and Name Changing in New York City during the World War II

During World War II thousands of people submitted petitions to change their names in Manhattan's city court. Although scholars usually assume that name changing was an act that immigrants used to assimilate, these petitions were submitted primarily by native-born Americans, and disproportionately by people with Jewish-sounding names. New York Jews changed their names during the war to find jobs, avoid racial stigma, and conform to government demands that citizens' names match their official records. To Kirsten Fermaglich the name-changing phenomenon illuminates Jews' resistance to anti-Semitism and ability to reshape their racial identities; it also highlights the subtle power of the state at midcentury.

pp. 719 Read online >

The Three "Furies" of Libertarianism: Rose Wilder Lane, Isabel Paterson, and Ayn Rand

Jennifer Burns analyzes the careers and writing of the children's author Rose Wilder Lane, the book critic Isabel Paterson, and the best-selling novelist Ayn Rand, all of whom developed a radical politicized individualism in the 1930s and 1940s. These women's identities as independent career women with atypical domestic lives influenced both this new individualism and their opposition to the New Deal. They were members ofa self-conscious generation that influenced the development of a political conservatism and libertarianism rooted in long-standing intellectual traditions. After World War II, Lane, Paterson, and Rand were able to form pedagogical relationships with prominent businessmen who carried their ideas into the rejuvenated conservative movement even as the three women's names faded from public view.

pp. 746 Read online >

"My Heart Is in Cairo": Malcolm X, the Arab Cold War, and the Making of Islamic Liberation Ethics

Malcolm X's 1964 hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca, is frequently depicted in contemporary U.S. culture and across the Muslim world as the ultimate symbol of his spiritual journey from street hustler to Nation of Islam minister and finally Sunni Muslim believer. Edward E. Curtis IV questions that conventional view, arguing that Cairo, not Mecca, was the real center of El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz's newfound identity as a Sunni Muslim. For Shabazz, the Islamic socialism and Afro-Asian solidarity of Gamal Abdel Nasser's Egypt rather than the monarchical, conservative ideology of Nasser's Saudi Arabian rivals represented the heart of Islamic religion and the key to the liberation of all people of color.

pp. 775 Read online >

Listen to an interview with author of this article in the JAH Podcast.

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Exhibition Reviews

"Introduction," by Brian Horrigan and Kathleen Franz 799 Read Online >

African Burying Ground Memorial Park, by Terri L. Snyder and Sharon E. Wood 800 Read Online >

Rolls Down like Water: The American Civil Rights Movement, by Anni A. Pullagura 804 Read Online >

Oklahoma City National Memorial and Museum, by Laura J. Arata 806 Read Online >

Canadian War Museum, by Donald W. Maxwell 812 Read Online >

Hawaiian and Pacific Halls, Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, by Heather A. Diamond 817 Read Online >

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Book Reviews

Beckert, Empire of Cotton: A Global History, by Edward E. Baptist 825

Horne, Race to Revolution: The United States and Cuba during Slavery and Jim Crow, by Elena A. Schneider 826

Smith and Lowery, eds., The Dunning School: Historians, Race, and the Meaning of Reconstruction, by Eileen Ka-May Cheng 828

Joseph, Stokely: A Life, by Judson L. Jeffries 829

Rupp and Freeman, eds., Understanding and Teaching U.S. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender History, by Susan E. Henking 831

Bench, Interpreting Native American History and Culture at Museums and Historic Sites, by Cara Krmpotich 831

Ritchie, Doing Oral History, by Gail Dubrow 832

Lynd, Doing History from the Bottom Up: On E. P. Thompson, Howard Zinn, and Rebuilding the Labor Movement from Below, by Nick Witham 834

Coulthard, Red Skin, White Masks: Rejecting the Colonial Politics of Recognition, by Joshua Reid 834

Godreau, Scripts of Blackness: Race, Cultural Nationalism, and U.S. Colonialism in Puerto Rico, by Milagros Denis-Rosario 835

Isenberg, ed., The Oxford Handbook of Environmental History, by Martin V. Melosi 836

Cumbler, Cape Cod: An Environmental History of a Fragile Ecosystem, by Christopher L. Pastore 837

Balsera and May, eds., La Florida: Five Hundred Years of Hispanic Presence, by Daniel S. Murphree 838

Gannon, ed., The History of Florida, by Laurel Clark Shire 839

Givens and Neilson, eds., The Columbia Sourcebook of Mormons in the United States, by Christine Talbot 840

Dochuk, Kidd, and Peterson, eds., American Evangelicalism: George Marsden and the State of American Religious History, by Gary Scott Smith 841

Sutton, American Apocalypse: A History of Modern Evangelicalism, by Tona J. Hangen 842

Davies, America Bewitched: The Story of Witchcraft after Salem, by Richard Godbeer 843

Morone, The Devils We Know: Us and Them in America’s Raucous Political Culture, by Bruce Miroff 843

Schocket, Fighting over the Founders: How We Remember the American Revolution, by Philipp Ziesche 844

Orleck, Rethinking American Women’s Activism, by Barbara Winslow 845

Clifford, Those Good Gertrudes: A Social History of Women Teachers in America, by Diana B.Turk 846

Geiger, The History of American Higher Education: Learning and Culture from the Founding to World War II, by Charles Dorn 847

Herzog, Revoking Citizenship: Expatriation in America from the Colonial Era to the War on Terror, by Natsu Taylor Saito 848

Moten, Presidents and Their Generals: An American History of Command in War, by Andrew J. Polsky 848

Shuler, The Thirteenth Turn: A History of the Noose, by Amy Louise Wood 849

Spalding, Appalachian Dance: Creativity and Continuity in Six Communities, by Bob G. Dalsemer 850

Ferris, The Edible South: The Power of Food and the Making of an American Region, by Psyche A. Williams-Forson 851

Wallach and Swindall, American Appetites: A Documentary Reader, by Marcie C. Ferris 852 Harvey, Native Tongues: Colonialism and Race from Encounter to the Reservation, by Adrea Lawrence 853

Soderlund, Lenape Country: Delaware Valley Society before William Penn, by Gabrielle M. Lanier 854

Murphy, Great Lakes Creoles: A French-Indian Community on the Northern Borderlands, Prairie du Chien, 1750–1860, by Maeve Kane 854

O’Neill, The Opened Letter: Networking in the Early Modern British World, by Jennifer Clark 855

Grandjean, American Passage: The Communications Frontier in Early New England, by Lindsay O’Neill 856

Castronovo, Propaganda 1776: Secrets, Leaks, and Revolutionary Communications in Early America, by Benjamin L. Carp 857

Roney, Governed by a Spirit of Opposition: The Origins of American Political Practice in Colonial Philadelphia, by Ray Raphael 858

Middlekauff, Washington’s Revolution: The Making of America’s First Leader, by Philander D. Chase 859

Ruddiman, Becoming Men of Some Consequence: Youth and Military Service in the Revolutionary War, by John Resch 859

Den Hartog, Patriotism and Piety: Federalist Politics and Religious Struggle in the New American Nation, by John W. Compton 860

Bulthuis, Four Steeples over the City Streets: Religion and Society in New York’s Early Republic Congregations, by Curtis D. Johnson 861

Meyers and Perreault, eds., Order and Civility in the Early Modern Chesapeake, by Warren R. Hofstra 862

Richter, ed., At Home in Nineteenth-Century America: A Documentary History, by Elaine S. Abelson 863

Fertel, Imagining the Creole City: The Rise of Literary Culture in Nineteenth-Century New Orleans, by Anthony J. Stanonis 864

Pelletier, Apocalyptic Sentimentalism: Love and Fear in U.S. Antebellum Literature, by Susan M. Ryan 865

Tarnoff, The Bohemians: Mark Twain and the San Francisco Writers Who Reinvented American Literature, by Forrest G. Robinson 866

Levy, Huck Finn’s America: Mark Twain and the Era That Shaped His Masterpiece, by Robert Jackson 867

Fairhead, The Captain and “the Cannibal”: An Epic Story of Exploration, Kidnapping, and the Broadway Stage, by Jace Weaver 867

Smith, The Creolization of American Culture: William Sidney Mount and the Roots of Blackface Minstrelsy, by Marvin McAllister 868

Foley, Mexicans in the Making of America, by Lori A. Flores 869

Lavalle and Terrazas y Basante, Las relaciones México–Estados Unidos, 1756–2010: Tomo I: Imperios, repúblicas, y pueblos en pugna por el territorio, 1756–1867; and Riguzzi and de los Ríos, Las relaciones México–Estados Unidos, 1756–2010: Tomo II; ¿Destino no manifesto?, 1867–2010, by Linda B. Hall 870

Everett, Creating the American West: Boundaries and Borderlands, by Yolonda Youngs 872

Tate, ed., The Great Medicine Road: Narratives of the Oregon, California, and Mormon Trails, Part I:1840–1848, by Jeanne E. Abrams 873

Roth, Gender and Race in Antebellum Popular Culture, by Kathleen M. Brown 874

Williams, Intellectual Manhood: University, Self, and Society in the Antebellum South, by Thomas Balcerski 875

McNeur, Taming Manhattan: Environmental Battles in the Antebellum City, by Steven H. Corey 876

Schoolman, Abolitionist Geographies, by Christopher Castiglia 877

Chambers, The Weston Sisters: An American Abolitionist Family, by Carol Faulkner 878

Laughlin-Schultz, The Tie That Bound Us: The Women of John Brown’s Family and the Legacy of Radical Abolitionism, by Lee V. Chambers 878

Chaffin, Giant’s Causeway: Frederick Douglass’s Irish Odyssey and the Making of an American Visionary, by William B. Rogers 879

Wellman, Brooklyn’s Promised Land: The Free Black Community of Weeksville, New York, by Jamie J. Wilson 880

Roediger, Seizing Freedom: Slave Emancipation and Liberty for All, by Susan Eva O’Donovan 881

Fox, Lincoln’s Body: A Cultural History, by Shirley Samuels 882

Hyde Jr., ed., The Enigmatic South: Toward Civil War and its Legacies, by Kevin N. Gannon 883

Lewis, For Slavery and Union: Benjamin Buckner and Kentucky Loyalties in the Civil War, by Harry S. Laver 883

Hurt, Agriculture and the Confederacy: Policy, Productivity, and Power in the Civil War South, by Randolph B. Campbell 884

Smith, The Mississippi Secession Convention: Delegates and Deliberations in Politics and War, 1861–1865, by Ben Wynne 885

Barreyre, L’or et la liberté: Une histoire spatiale des États-Unis après la guerre de Sécession, by François Furstenberg 886

Cothran, Remembering the Modoc War: Redemptive Violence and the Making of American Innocence, by Lyndall Ryan 887

Glancy, Fort Marion Prisoners and the Trauma of Native Education, by Jon Reyhner 888

Guoqi, Chinese and Americans: A Shared History, by Jing Li 888

Spude, Saloons, Prostitutes, and Temperance in Alaska Territory, by Steven C. Levi 889

Mirola, Redeeming Time: Protestantism and Chicago’s Eight-Hour Movement, 1866–1912, by Christopher D. Cantwell 890

Fink, The Long Gilded Age: American Capitalism and the Lessons of a New World Order, by Claire Goldstene 891

Beauchamp, Invented by Law: Alexander Graham Bell and the Patent That Changed America, by Robert C. Post 892

Rees, Refrigeration Nation: A History of Ice, Appliances, and Enterprise in America, by Jason Loviglio 892

Sheller, Aluminum Dreams: The Making of Light Modernity, by Regina Lee Blaszczyk 893

Johnson, Carbon Nation: Fossil Fuels in the Making of American Culture; and Barrett and Worden, Oil Culture, by Mark D. Bowles 894

Theriot, American Energy, Imperiled Coast: Oil and Gas Development in Louisiana’s Wetlands by Andy Horowitz 896

Mintz, The Prime of Life: A History of Modern Adulthood, by Jodi Vandenberg-Daves 897

Dawes, Childhood Obesity in America: Biography of an Epidemic; and Riney- Kehrberg, The Nature of Childhood: An Environmental History of Growing Up in American since 1865, by Rima D. Apple 897

Veit, Modern Food, Moral Food: Self-Control, Science, and the Rise of Modern American Eating in the Early Twentieth Century, by Celia M. Kingsbury 899

Turner, How the Other Half Ate: A History of Working-Class Meals at the Turn of the Century, by Simone Cinotto 900

Rosenberg and Fitzpatrick, eds., Body and Nation: The Global Realm of U.S. Politics in the Twentieth Century, by Molly Geidel 901

Gutiérrez, Doughboys on the Great War: How American Soldiers Viewed Their Military Experience, by Christopher M. Sterba 902

Faith, Behind the Gas Mask: The U.S. Chemical Warfare Service in War and Peace, by Robert M. Neer 903

Chatterjee and Holmgren, eds., Americans Experience Russia: Encountering the Enigma, 1917 to the Present, by Kate A. Baldwin 904

Vellon, A Great Conspiracy against Our Race: Italian Immigration Newspapers and the Construction of Whiteness in the Early 20th Century, by Marcella Bencivenni 904

Martin, Preaching on Wax: The Phonograph and the Shaping of Modern African American Religion, by Isaac Weiner 905

Reed, Not Alms but Opportunity: The Urban League and the Politics of Racial Uplift, 1910–1950, by Myra B. Young Armstead 906

Child, My Grandfather’s Knocking Sticks: Ojibwe Family Life and Labor on the Reservation, by Mattie Harper 907

Laats, The Other School Reformers: Conservative Activism in American Education, by Kevin M. Kruse 908

Muncy, Relentless Reformer: Josephine Roche and Progressivism in Twentieth-Century America, by Barbara Melosh 908

White, Blue-Collar Broadway: The Craft and Industry of American Theater, by Sean P. Holmes 909

Slowik, After the Silents: Hollywood Film Music in the Early Sound Era, 1926–1934, by Kathleen Feeley 910

Brownell, Showbiz Politics: Hollywood in American Political Life, by Gregory W. Bush 911 Stanonis, Faith in Bikinis: Politics and Leisure in the Coastal South since the Civil War, by Rebecca Cawood McIntyre 912

Light, That Pride of Race and Character: The Roots of Jewish Benevolence in the Jim Crow South, by Eric L. Goldstein 913

Bennett, When Tobacco was King: Families, Farm Labor, and Federal Policy in the Piedmont, by A. Glenn Crothers 914

Sandul, California Dreaming: Boosterism, Memory, and Rural Suburbs in the Golden State, by Matthew Gordon Lasner 915

Hendrickson, American Labor and Economic Citizenship: New Capitalism from World War I to the Great Depression, by Daniel Sidorick 916

Arrigo, Imaging Hoover Dam: The Making of a Cultural Icon, by Helen Langa 917

White, Plowed Under: Food Policy Protests and Performance in New Deal America, by J. Chris Westgate 917

Kotlowski, Paul V. McNutt and the Age of fdr, by Richard Polenberg 918

Smith, On His Own Terms: A Life of Nelson Rockefeller, by John Ettling 919

Rigueur, The Loneliness of the Black Republican, by James Wolfinger 920

Greif, The Age of the Crisis of Man: Thought and Fiction in America, 1933–1973, by James Dawes 921

Carey, Women Drug Traffickers: Mules, Bosses, and Organized Crime, by Donna A. Patterson 922

Rabinowitz, American Pulp: How Paperbacks Brought Modernism to Main Street, by Josh Lambert 922

Casillas, ¡Sounds of Belonging! U.S. Spanish-Language Radio and Public Advocacy, by Maggie Rivas-Rodriguez 923

Weisbard, Top 40 Democracy: The Rival Mainstreams of American Music, by Tim J. Anderson 924

Garcia, The Migration of Musical Film: From Ethnic Margins to American Mainstream, by Lauren Rebecca Sklaroff 925

Tucker, Dance Floor Democracy: The Social Geography of Memory at the Hollywood Canteen, by Danielle Goldman 926

Kodat, Don’t Act, Just Dance: The Metapolitics of Cold War Culture, by Joanna Dee Das 927

McVicar, Christian Reconstruction: R. J. Rushdoony and American Religious Conservatism, by Steven P. Miller 928

Stein, Reluctant Witnesses: Survivors, Their Children, and the Rise of Holocaust Consciousness, by Gary Weissman 928

Jacobs, A Generation Removed: The Fostering and Adoption of Indigenous Children in the Postwar World, by Beth H. Piatote 929

Herring, The Hoarders: Material Deviance in Modern American Culture, by Erika Doss 930

Drucker, The Classification of Sex: Alfred Kinsey and the Organization of Knowledge, by Leisa D. Meyer 931

Phillips, The New Math: A Political History, by Elizabeth Popp Berman 932 Burleigh, Small Wars, Faraway Places: Global Insurrection and the Making of the Modern World, 1945–1965, by Mark Lawrence 933

Immerman, The Hidden Hand: A Brief History of the cia, by David M. Barrett 934

Bradford, The Revolution is for the Children: The Politics of Childhood in Havana and Miami, 1959–1962, by Michelle Chase 934

Gerard and Kuklick, Death in the Congo: Murdering Patrice Lumumba, by Georges Nzongola-Ntalaja 935

Brooks, Between Mao and McCarthy: Chinese American Politics in the Cold War Years, by Hongshan Li 936

Anderson, Bourgeois Radicals: The naacp and the Struggle for Colonial Liberation, 1941– 1960, by Michael L. Krenn 937

Intondi, African Americans against the Bomb: Nuclear Weapons, Colonialism, and the Black Freedom Movement, by Sean L. Malloy 938

Sokol, All Eyes are Upon Us: Race and Politics from Boston to Brooklyn, by Mark Krasovic 939

Opie, Upsetting the Apple Cart: Black-Latino Coalitions in New York City from Protest to Public Office, by Sonia Lee 940

Lee, Building a Latino Civil Rights Movement: Puerto Ricans, African Americans, and the Pursuit of Racial Justice in New York City, by Carmen Teresa Whalen 941

King and Watts, Ed King’s Mississippi: Behind the Scenes of Freedom Summer, by Magnus O. Bassey 942

Barr, Friends Disappear: The Battle for Racial Equality in Evanston, by Jeffrey Helgeson 942

Berger, Captive Nation: Black Prison Organizing in the Civil Rights Era, by Daniel Burton-Rose 943

Bell, The Black Power Movement and American Social Work, by Van Gosse 944 Brown and Kopano, eds., Soul Thieves: The Appropriation and Misrepresentation of African American Popular Culture, by Kameelah L. Martin 945

Miller-Young, A Taste for Brown Sugar: Black Women in Pornography, by Patricia Hill Collins 946

Tahmahkera, Tribal Television: Viewing Native People in Sitcoms, by S. Elizabeth Bird 947

Elman, Chronic Youth: Disability, Sexuality, and U.S. Media Cultures of Rehabilitation, by Jennifer Burek Pierce 948

Schaefer, ed., Sex Scene: Media and the Sexual Revolution, by Manon Parry 949

Fair, Mr. America: The Tragic History of a Bodybuilding Icon, by Stephen H. Norwood 949

Rome, The Genius of Earth Day: How a 1970 Teach-In Unexpectedly Made the First Green Generation, by Amy M. Hay 950

Sabin, The Bet: Paul Ehrlich, Julian Simon, and Our Gamble over Earth’s Future, by Sharon E. Kingsland 951

Mullins, Becoming Big League: Seattle, the Pilots, and Stadium Politics, by John D. Fairfield 952

Kieran, Forever Vietnam: How a Divisive War Changed American Public Memory, by Kathleen Belew 953

Sargent, A Superpower Transformed: The Remaking of American Foreign Relations in the 1970s, by Sarah B. Snyder 954

Domber, Empowering Revolution: America, Poland, and the End of the Cold War, by David S. Mason 954

Rossinow, The Reagan Era: A History of the 1980s, by Monica Prasad 955

Wacker, America’s Pastor: Billy Graham and the Shaping of a Nation, by H. Larry Ingle 956

Eichhorn, The Archival Turn in Feminism: Outrage in Order, by Karla J. Strand 957

Aden, Upon the Ruins of Liberty: Slavery, the President’s House at Independence National Historical Park, and Public Memory, by Clifton Ellis 958

Thomas, Desire and Disaster in New Orleans: Tourism, Race, and Historical Memory, by Juliette Landphair 958

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Movie Reviews

Best of Enemies; and Gore Vidal: The United States of Amnesia, by Stephen J. Whitfield 960 Read Online >

Bessie, by Judith Smith 963 Read Online >

Klansville U.S.A., by Robert Luckett 965 Read Online >

Last Days in Vietnam, by Christian G. Appy 968 Read Online >

Sinatra: All or Nothing at All, by Krin Gabbard 970 Read Online >

Going Clear: Scientology and the Prison of Belief, by Nancy Lusignan Schultz 972 Read Online >

She's Beautiful When She's Angry, by Merve Emre 974 

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Digital History Reviews

Two Plantations: Enslaved Families in Virginia and Jamaica, by Kirt von Daacke 977 Read Online >

Paul Laurence Dunbar Digital Text Collection, by Michael P. Bibler 978 Read Online >

Her Hat Was in the Ring! U.S. Women Who Ran for Political Office before 1920, by Margaret Susan Thompson 979 Read Online >

Einstein Archives Online, by Michael D. Gordin 979 Read Online >

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Letters to the Editor

981 Read Online >


983 Read Online >

Recent Scholarship

985 Read Online >

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