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The Journal of American History

June 2016

Journal of American History, Issue 103 Volume 1, June 2016 Presidential Address
Exhibition Reviews
Book Reviews
Movie Reviews
Digital History Reviews
Letters to the Editor
Recent Scholarship

Presidential Address

Presidential Address: God, Gotham, and Modernity

The city, modernity, and religion? Tough history, especially for Gilded Age New York City. Max Weber saw failure in New York City's religious institutions, and William James denigrated them as living "second-hand upon tradition." Jon Butler challenges these views. He argues that New York's major religious traditions embraced modernity and institutions as they entered the twentieth century, creating community, stirring individuals, and adapting religion to civilization's new circumstances as much in Gotham as they had in the Jewish diaspora and the Roman Empire, leaving deep marks on society and individuals alike.

pp. 19 Read online >


"Swarms of Negroes Comeing about My Door": Black Christianity in Early Dutch and English North America

Patricia U. Bonomi argues that Christianity left a significant impress on slaves’ religious lives and legal status in early Dutch and English North America. This challenges the historiography that begins the story of black Christianity only with the evangelical clergy's outreach to blacks in the mid-eighteenth-century Great Awakening. Bonomi reinterprets slave Christianity in New Netherland and compares it with harsher practices in the English colonies of Virginia, Maryland, South Carolina, and New York, while illuminating blacks’ manipulation of the laws and slave owners' ambivalence about holding Christians in bondage.

pp. 34 Read online >

Reunion and Reconciliation, Reviewed and Reconsidered

How does a nation heal after a bloody and divisive civil war? This question is of paramount concern and the source of considerable debate for historians grappling with the aftermath of the Civil War. Where some find evidence of a "road to reunion" built on a foundation of white supremacy, others see prolonged, even ongoing, sectional division. Nina Silber not only explores the literature dealing with "reunion and reconciliation," including the scholarship on the Civil War in memory, but she also suggests new ways to pursue the Civil War’s continued impact on U.S. culture.

pp. 59 Read online >

Listen to an interview with author of this article in the JAH Podcast.

"This thing has ceased to be a joke": The Veterans of Future Wars and the Meanings of Political Satire in the 1930s

Chris Rasmussen chronicles the meteoric rise and fall of the Veterans of Future Wars (VFW) in 1936 as a testament to the power and pitfalls of satire as a form of political protest. In January 1936 Congress voted to pay a "bonus" owed to World War I veterans one decade ahead of schedule. Students at Princeton University responded by founding the VFW, a satirical protest against the bonus and militarism. In only a few months, the organization enrolled fifty thousand members on American college campuses, gained nationwide publicity, and disbanded. The founders of the vfw mocked veterans' opportunism, but most of its members considered the group a protest against war, and disagreement over the VFW's political stance undid the wildly popular satire.

pp. 84 Read online >

William Worthy's Passport: Travel Restrictions and the Cold War Struggle for Civil and Human Rights

In April 1964 Malcolm X boldly challenged black activists to “expand the civil rights struggle to the level of human rights” and “take the case of the black man in this country before the nations in the U.N.” But nearly two years earlier, William Worthy, black America’s star foreign correspondent, had taken his case before both U.S. courts and the United Nations. In 1961 Worthy defied the U.S. travel ban to Cuba to report on racial progress on the island. The State Department had the names of more than two hundred citizens who had violated the travel ban, but federal officials singled out the radical journalist for prosecution, making him the first American convicted of returning to the United States without a valid passport. H. Timothy Lovelace Jr. explores how Worthy invoked the U.S. Constitution and international human rights law to fight his selective prosecution and uses Worthy v. United States to offer fresh understandings of black internationalism in the 1960s.

pp. 107 Read online >

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Exhibition Reviews

Introduction, by Brian Horrigan and Kathleen Franz Read online >

“Remembering the American Revolution, 1776–1890,” by Barbara Clark Smith Read online >

Beauport, the Sleeper-McCann House, by Sarah Dylla Read online >

“Black Suburbia: From Levittown to Ferguson,” by Steven W. Thrasher Read online >

“Patient No More,” by Ryan Lee Cartwright Read online >

“Nation to Nation: Treaties between the United States and American Indian Nations,” by Mark S. Weiner Read online >

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Book Reviews

Hodes, Mourning Lincoln, by Anne Sarah Rubin 151

Roberts, What Soldiers Do: Sex and the American G.I. in World War II France, by Aaron B. O’Connell 152

Laslett, Sunshine Was Never Enough: Los Angeles Workers, 1880–2010, by Chris Rhomberg 154

Brown, Dispatches from Dystopia: Histories of Places Not Yet Forgotten, by Jessica Sewell 156

Brown and Kanouse, Re-Collecting Black Hawk: Landscape, Memory, and Power in the American Midwest, by Teresa Bergman 157

Solnit and Snedeker, Unfathomable City: A New Orleans Atlas, by Mary Niall Mitchell 158

Burch and Rembis, eds., Disability Histories, by Lennard J. Davis 158

Shoemaker, Native American Whalemen and the World: Indigenous Encounters and the Contingency of Race, by Matthew R. Bahar 160

Berger, St. Louis and Empire: 250 Years of Imperial Quest and Urban Crisis, by Tom Spencer 161

Childs, Slaves of the State: Black Incarceration from the Chain Gang to the Penitentiary, by Annie Dwyer 161

Kittelstrom, The Religion of Democracy: Seven Liberals and the American Moral Tradition, by Andrew R. Murphy 162

Sehat, The Jefferson Rule: How the Founding Fathers Became Infallible and Our Politics Inflexible, by John G. Gunnell 163

Azari, Delivering the People’s Message: The Changing Politics of the Presidential Mandate, by David Henry 164

Gordin, Scientific Babel: How Science Was Done before and after Global English, by Andrew Jewett 165

Kidd and Hankins, Baptists in America: A History, by Janet Moore Lindman 166 Field and Syrett, eds., Age in America: The Colonial Era to the Present, by Melissa R. Klapper 167

Burnham, Health Care in America: A History, by Elizabeth Siegel Watkins 167

Kelton, Cherokee Medicine, Colonial Germs: An Indigenous Nation’s Fight against Smallpox, 1518–1824, by Tyler Boulware 168

Tortora, Carolina in Crisis: Cherokees, Colonists, and Slaves in the American Southeast, 1756–1763, by Clarissa W. Confer 169

Morrissey, Empire by Collaboration: Indians, Colonists, and Governments in Colonial Illinois Country, by Edward Watts 170

Beck, Chiefdoms, Collapse, and Coalescence in the Early American South, by George Edward Milne 171

Dziennik, The Fatal Land: War, Empire, and the Highland Soldier in British America, by Ned C. Landsman 172

Ekberg and Person, St. Louis Rising: The French Regime of Louis St. Ange de Bellerive, by Julia Osman 173

Beaumont, Colonial America and the Earl of Halifax, 1748–1761, by Stephen Saunders Webb 174

Foster, Women in Early America, by Catherine Johnson Adams 174

Bremer, Lay Empowerment and the Development of Puritanism, by Shelby M. Balik 175

Parr, Inventing George Whitefield: Race, Revivalism, and the Making of a Religious Icon, by Samuel C. Smith 176

McDonald, Pirates, Merchants, Settlers, and Slaves: Colonial America and the Indo-Atlantic World, by Gautham Rao 177

Barber, e Disputatious Caribbean: The West Indies in the Seventeenth Century, by Bernard Moitt 178

Watson, Insatiable Appetites: Imperial Encounters with Cannibals in the North Atlantic World, by Sandra Slater 179

Ferrer, Freedom’s Mirror: Cuba and Haiti in the Age of Revolution, by Gwendolyn Midlo Hall 179

Raphael and Raphael, e Spirit of ’74: How the American Revolution Began, by Edward Countryman 180

Griffin, Ingram, Onuf, and Schoen, eds., Between Sovereignty and Anarchy: The Politics of Violence in the American Revolutionary Era, by Mairin Odle 181

Howell, Against Self-Reliance: The Arts of Dependence in the Early United States, by Michael J. Collins 182

Haselby, The Origins of American Religious Nationalism, by Matthew Rainbow Hale 183

Berkin, The Bill of Rights: The Fight to Secure America’s Liberties, by Whitman Hawley Ridgway 184

Sheehan, The Mind of James Madison: The Legacy of Classical Republicanism, by Ralph Ketcham 185

Murphy, Building the Empire State: Political Economy in the Early Republic, by Kim Todt 186

Marzagalli, Bordeaux et les Etats-Unis, 1776–1815: Politique et stratégies négociantes dans la genèse d’un réseau commercial, by Manuel Covo 186

Shulman, Coal and Empire: The Birth of Energy Security in Industrial America, by Kevin C. Armitage 187

Díaz, Border Contraband: A History of Smuggling across the Rio Grande, by Samuel Truett 188

Hogue, Métis and the Medicine Line: Creating a Border and Dividing a People, by Patricia McCormack 189

Villerbu, Les missions du Minnesota: Catholicisme et colonisation dans L’Ouest Américain, 1830–1860, by Michael Pasquier 190

Inskeep, Jacksonland: President Andrew Jackson, Cherokee Chief John Ross, and a Great American Land Grab, by Alfred A. Cave 191

Rael, Eighty-Eight Years: The Long Death of Slavery in the United States, 1777–1865, by Matthew Mason 191

Foner, Gateway to Freedom: The Hidden History of the Underground Railroad, by Keith P. Gri er 192

Torrey, e Martyrdom of Abolitionist Charles Torrey, by Richard S. Newman 193

DeCaro, Freedom’s Dawn: The Last Days of John Brown in Virginia, by Nicole Etcheson 194

Frank, The Civilian War: Confederate Women and Union Soldiers during Sherman’s March, by Libra Hilde 195

Gallman, Defining Duty in the Civil War: Personal Choice, Popular Culture, and the Union Home Front, by Richard Junger 196

Landis, Northern Men with Southern Loyalties: The Democratic Party and the Sectional Crisis, by Erik B. Alexander 197

Downs, After Appomattox: Military Occupation and the Ends of War, by Brooks D. Simpson 197

Jordan, Marching Home: Union Veterans and Their Unending Civil War, by Russell L. Johnson 198

Petty, Standing Their Ground: Small Farmers in North Carolina since the Civil War, by Jeannie Whayne 199

Hubbs, Searching for Freedom after the Civil War: Klansman, Carpetbagger, Scalawag, and Freedman, by J. Michael Martinez 200

Behrend, Reconstructing Democracy: Grassroots Black Politics in the Deep South after the Civil War, by John C. Rodrigue 201

Kennedy-Nolle, Writing Reconstruction: Race, Gender, and Citizenship in the Postwar South, by Amanda Frisken 201

Crist and Gibbs, eds., The Papers of Je erson Davis, vol. 14: 1880–1889, by Joe A. Mobley 202

McMahon, The Global Dimensions of Irish Identity: Race, Nation, and the Popular Press, 1840–1880, by Michael S. Silvestri 203

Kibler, Censoring Racial Ridicule: Irish, Jewish, and African American Struggles over Race and Representation, 1890–1930, by Glenda R. Carpio 204

Moses, An Unlikely Union: e Love-Hate Story of New York’s Irish and Italians, by Stefano Luconi 205

Rosenow, Death and Dying in the Working Class, 1865–1920, by Paul Michel Taillon 206

Green, The Devil Is Here in These Hills: West Virginia’s Coal Miners and Their Battle for Freedom, by Joe William Trotter Jr. 207

Woloch, A Class by Herself: Protective Laws for Women Workers, 1890s–1990s, by Jan Doolittle Wilson 208

Haberland, Striking Beauties: Women Apparel Workers in the U.S. South, 1930–2000, by Kathleen M. Barry 208

reat, Nursing Civil Rights: Gender and Race in the Army Nurse Corps, by Jane E. Schultz 209

Berrey, The Jim Crow Routine: Everyday Performances of Race, Civil Rights, and Segregation in Mississippi, by Jennifer Ritterhouse 210

Hochman, Savage Preservation: e Ethnographic Origins of Modern Media Technology, by Susan Bernardin 211

Bailey and Tolnay, Lynched: The Victims of Southern Mob Violence, by Kidada E. Williams 212

Jung, ed., The Rising Tide of Color: Race, State Violence, and Radical Movements across the Pacific, by Henry Yu 213

Taketani, The Black Pacific Narrative: Geographic Imaginings of Race and Empire between the World Wars, by Heike Raphael-Hernandez 214

Wilson, Ethnic Renewal in Philadelphia’s Chinatown: Space, Place, and Struggle, by Wendy Rouse 215

Guiliano, Indian Spectacle: College Mascots and the Anxiety of Modern America, by Kevin Bruyneel 215

Highsmith, Demolition Means Progress: Flint, Michigan, and the Fate of the American Metropolis, by Francesca Russello Ammon 216

Archer, Sandul, and Solomonson, eds., Making Suburbia: New Histories of Everyday America, by Stephanie Dyer 217

Pursell, From Playgrounds to PlayStation: The Interaction of Technology and Play, by Anthony Bak Buccitelli 218

Blodgett, ed., Motoring West, vol. 1: Automobile Pioneers, 1900–1909, by John Heitmann 219

Balogh, The Associational State: American Governance in the Twentieth Century, by Ballard C. Campbell 220

Von Saldern, Amerikanismus: Kulturelle Abgrenzung von Europa und U.S.-Nationalismus im frühen 20. Jahrhundert, by Egbert Klautke 221

Hass, Sacrificing Soldiers on the National Mall, by Meredith H. Lair 222

Martini, ed., Proving Grounds: Militarized Landscapes, Weapons Testing, and the Environmental Impact of U.S. Bases, by Sasha Davis 223

Brock, Money Trees: e Douglas Fir and American Forestry, 1900–1944, by Nathan E. Roberts 224

Manganiello, Southern Water, Southern Power: How the Politics of Cheap Energy and Water Scarcity Shaped a Region, by Tycho de Boer 225

Andrés, Power and Control in the Imperial Valley: Nature, Agribusiness, and Workers on the California Borderland, 1900–1940, by Nathan F. Sayre 226

Fisher, Urban Green: Nature, Recreation, and the Working Class in Industrial Chicago, by Anthony N. Penna 227

Barrow, Henry Ford’s Plan for the American Suburb: Dearborn and Detroit, by David Gartman 227

Huyssen, Progressive Inequality: Rich and Poor in New York, 1890–1920, by Jacob Kramer 228

Hart, Health in the City: Race, Poverty, and the Negotiation of Women’s Health in New York City, 1915–1930, by Stephanie Browner 229

Lepore, The Secret History of Wonder Woman, by Linda Gordon 230

Slutsky, Gendering Radicalism: Women and Communism in Twentieth-Century California, by Dan Berger 231

Ryan, Red War on the Family: Sex, Gender, and Americanism in the First Red Scare, by Landon R. Y. Storrs 232

Tiemeyer, Plane Queer: Labor, Sexuality, and aids in the History of Male Flight Attendants, by Miriam Frank 233

King, Whose Harlem Is This, Anyway?: Community Politics and Grassroots Activism during the New Negro Era, by James Davis 233

Davis, Eric Walrond: A Life in the Harlem Renaissance and the Transatlantic Caribbean, by James Smethurst 234

Caddoo, Envisioning Freedom: Cinema and the Building of Modern Black Life, by Clare Corbould 235

Field, Uplift Cinema: The Emergence of African American Film and the Possibility of Black Modernity, by Gerald R. Butters Jr. 236

Weiler, Democracy and Schooling in California: The Legacy of Helen Heffernan and Corinne Seeds, by Judith Raftery 237

Gram, Education at the Edge of Empire: Negotiating Pueblo Identity in New Mexico’s Indian Boarding Schools, by Andrae Marak 238

Neuman, Indian Play: Indigenous Identities at Bacone College, by Myriam Vuckovic 238

Zamir, The Gift of the Face: Portraiture and Time in Edward S. Curtis’s The North American Indian, by Finis Dunaway 239

Hutchison, The War at Used Up Words: American Writers and the First World War, by Sarah Wood Anderson 240

Vials, Haunted by Hitler: Liberals, the Left, and the Fight against Fascism in the United States, by Chip Rhodes 241

Rosenfeld, Hi Hitler! How the Nazi Past Is Being Normalized in Contemporary Culture, by Jon Berndt Olsen 242

Musher, Democratic Art: The New Deal’s Influence on American Culture, by Cara A. Finnegan 243

Gilbert, Planning Democracy: Agrarian Intellectuals and the Intended New Deal, by Evan P. Bennett 243

Rosas, Abrazando el Espíritu: Bracero Families Confront the U.S.-Mexico Border, by Nicole Guidotti-Hernández 244

FitzGerald and Cook-Martín, Culling the Masses: The Democratic Origins of Racist Immigration Policy in the Americas, by Elliott Young 245

Miller, Managing Inequality: Northern Racial Liberalism in Interwar Detroit, by Todd C. Shaw 246

Gordon, From Power to Prejudice: The Rise of Racial Individualism in Midcentury America, by Mary E. Frederickson 247

Scott, Cinema Civil Rights: Regulation, Repression, and Race in the Classical Hollywood Era, by Cara Caddoo 248

Snelson, Phantom Ladies: Hollywood Horror and the Home Front, by Hilary Radner 249

Pickard, America’s Battle for Media Democracy: e Triumph of Corporate Libertarianism and the Future of Media Reform, by eodore L. Glasser 250

Ponce de Leon, That’s the Way It Is: A History of Television News in America, by Craig Allen 250

Hecht, Storytelling and Science: Rewriting Oppenheimer in the Nuclear Age, by Rebecca Slayton 251

Freeman, Longing for the Bomb: Oak Ridge and Atomic Nostalgia, by John M. Findlay 252

Morgan, ed., I Greet You at the Beginning of a Great Career: The Selected Correspondence of Lawrence Ferlinghetti and Allen Ginsberg, 1955–1997, by Jonah Raskin 253

Cameron, Unbuttoning America: A Biography of “Peyton Place,” by Anna Creadick 254

Barney, Mapping the Cold War: Cartography and the Framing of America’s International Power, by Masuda Hajimu 255

Mickey, Paths Out of Dixie: The Democratization of Authoritarian Enclaves in America’s Deep South, 1944–1972, by Peter F. Lau 256

Croft, Dancers as Diplomats: American Choreography in Cultural Exchange, by Catherine Gunther Kodat 257

Hsu, The Good Immigrants: How the Yellow Peril Became the Model Minority, by Seema Sohi 257

Pate, From Orphan to Adoptee: U.S. Empire and Genealogies of Korean Adoption, by Allison Varzally 258

Mao, Asia First: China and the Making of Modern American Conservatism, by Karen Garner 259

Frazier, The East is Black: Cold War China in the Black Radical Imagination, by Cindy I-Fen Cheng 260

Feldman, A Shadow over Palestine: The Imperial Life of Race in America, by Alex Lubin 261

Abreu, Rhythms of Race: Cuban Musicians and the Making of Latino New York City and Miami, 1940–1960, by Dolores Inés Casillas 262

Donoghue, Borderland on the Isthmus: Race, Culture, and the Struggle for the Canal Zone, by Noel Maurer 263

Findlay, We Are Left without a Father Here: Masculinity, Domesticity, and Migration in Postwar Puerto Rico, by Dionicio Valdés 264

Laney, German Rocketeers in the Heart of Dixie: Making Sense of the Nazi Past during the Civil Rights Era, by Jack Glazier 264

George, One Mississippi, Two Mississippi: Methodists, Murder, and the Struggle for Racial Justice in Neshoba County, by Kevin Boland Johnson 265

Lucks, Selma to Saigon: The Civil Rights Movement and the Vietnam War, by Penny Lewis 266

Peariso, Radical eatrics: Put-Ons, Politics, and the Sixties, by Jeremy Varon 267

Blanton, George I. Sánchez: The Long Fight for Mexican American Integration, by Jaime Águila 268

Wanzer-Serrano, The New York Young Lords and the Struggle for Liberation, by Lee Bebout 269

Stradling and Stradling, Where the River Burned: Carl Stokes and the Struggle to Save Cleveland, by Andrew Needham 270

Phelps, A People’s War on Poverty: Urban Politics and Grassroots Activists in Houston, by Robert Korstad 271

Loyd, Health Rights Are Civil Rights: Peace and Justice Activism in Los Angeles, 1963– 1978, by Felicia Kornbluh 271

Nelson, More an Medicine: A History of the Feminist Women’s Health Movement, by Sharra Vostral 272

Carroll, Mobilizing New York: AIDS, Antipoverty, and Feminist Activism, by Horacio N. Roque Ramírez 273

Dow, Watching Women’s Liberation, 1970: Feminism’s Pivotal Year on the Network News, by Katherine J. Lehman 274

Benowitz, Challenge and Change: Right-Wing Women, Grassroots Activism, and the Baby Boom Generation, by Glen Jeansonne 275

Paoletti, Sex and Unisex: Fashion, Feminism, and the Sexual Revolution, by Moya Luckett 276

Hughes, Country Soul: Making Music and Making Race in the American South, by Gavin James Campbell 277

Peterson, The Hip-Hop Underground and African American Culture: Beneath the Surface, by Andreana Clay 277

Nichter, Richard Nixon and Europe: The Reshaping of the Postwar Atlantic World, by Daniel J. Sargent 279

Ingle, Nixon’s First Cover-Up: The Religious Life of a Quaker President, by Laura Jane Gi ord 280

Morley and McGillion, Reagan and Pinochet: The Struggle over U.S. Policy toward Chile, by Silvia Borzutzky 281

Anker, Orgies of Feeling: Melodrama and the Politics of Freedom, by Susan Je ords 281 Pallares, Family Activism: Immigrant Struggles and the Politics of Noncitizenship, by Avital H. Bloch 282

Kline, The Cybernetics Moment: Or Why We Call Our Age the Information Age, by Dustin Abnet 283

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Movie Reviews

Rosenwald, by Stephen J. Whitfield Read Online >

The Seventies, by James I. Deutsch Read Online >

Trumbo, by Jennifer Frost Read Online >

Spotlight, by Michael J. Socolow Read Online >

National Lampoon: Drunk Stoned Brilliant Dead, by Andrew Horton Read Online >

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Digital History Reviews

A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns, 1787–1825, by Joseph M. Adelman Read Online >

Texas Slavery Project, by Walter L. Buenger Read Online >

Franklin, by Barry Trachtenberg Read Online >

The Programming Historian, by Lincoln Mullen Read Online >

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Letters to the Editor

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Recent Scholarship

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